SEM – Adpative Textile SkinCopyright: pexels-912253
Technical claims of textile facades
From the designer's point of view, variable building envelopes with large-format textile surfaces pave the way for energy-efficient architecture despite the high proportion of glazing. Stand like this in administrative buildings, for example, we are always faced with the dilemma of optimum daylight quality due to a high proportion of glass in the façade versus solar ingress due to solar radiation, and thus increased cooling loads over many years of operation. Existing systems on the architecture market, such as sun protection slats, blinds, sliding sashes or Venetian blinds are always maintenance-intensive, little to no redundancy, frequently prone to errors and have a major influence on the quality of facade design. Unfortunately, most of the time not to their advantage, neither energetically nor creative.
The scope of Design
The design possibilities of the contour fashion design - similar to a garment - are enormous and a playground for good designers of tomorrow. Since several years ongoing research project "Adaptive textile building skins" deals intensely with concepts, developments and prototypes for a wide range of applications. This involves the use of large-area, positionally stable and intelligent textile envelopes for facades in order to reduce solar energy input, to Improvement of the air quality as well as autoreagible modes of operation to optimize the comfort and energetic performance of buildings. By digitizing with actuators/sensors and smart coating technologies in the textile carrier media, adaptive functions can be integrated that ensure maintenance-free, autoreactive and individual adjustable building envelope.
These properties of variable adaptive building envelopes with large-format textile surfaces are to be developed seminaristically according to clear specifications and deepened scientifically and correctly. can be displayed.
The aim is to provide students with a sound insight into the matter of changing building facades and – in addition to learning how to work scientifically – to encourage their interest in and to arouse curiosity, to get to know architecturally relevant and visionary facade systems of the future and to help shape them.